Swami Vivekananda : On Aryan Invasion

Swami Vivekananda vehemently condemns the theory of Aryan invasion and asks : What your European Pundits say about the Aryan’s swooping down from some foreign land, snatching away the lands of the aborigines and settling in India by exterminating them,  is all pure non-sense foolish talk!  Strange, that our Indian scholars too, say amen to them, all these monstrous lies are being taught to our boys! This is very bad indeed.1

In reply to the address of the Maharaja of Khatri dt.4th March 1895, Swami Vivekananda writes,  “Now a days everybody blames those who constantly look back to their past is the cause of all India’s woes;  to me on the contrary, it seems that the opposite is true. So long as hey forgot the past, the Hindu nation remained in a state of stupor and as soon as they have begun to look into their past, there is on every side a fresh manifestation of life. The more therefore the Hindu study the past, the more glorious will be their future, and who ever tries to bring the past to the door of every one is a great benefactor to his nation.2

Swami Vivekananda adds’ wherever the Europeans find an opportunity they exterminate the aborigines and settle down in ease and comfort on their lands and therefore think that the Aryans have done the same. But where is proof? Guesswork!

In what Veda, what Sukta, do you find that the Aryans came to India from a foreign country? Where do you get the idea that they slaughtered wild aborigines? What do you gain by talking such nonsense?

Well, what is the Ramayana? The conquest of the savage aborigines of Southern Inda by Aryans? Indeed Ramachandra is a civilized Aryan being and with whom is he fighting? With the king Ravana of Lanka. Just read the Ramayana, and you will find that Ravana was rather more and not less civilized than Ramachandra. The civilization of Lanka was rather higher and surely not lower than that of Ayodhya . And then, when were these vanaras (monkeys) and other Southern Indians conquered? They were all on the other hand Ramachandra’s friends and allies. Say what kingdoms of Vali and Guhaka were annexed by Ramachandra?

And may I ask you,  Europeans, what country you have ever raised t better conditions? Where ever you have found weaker races, you have examined them by the roots, as it were. You have settled on their lands, and they are gone for ever. What is the history of your America, your Australia and New Zealand, your Pacific Islands and South Africa? Where are those aboriginal race today? They are all exterminated, you have killed them outright, as if they were wild beasts. It is only where you have not the power to do so,  and there only that other nations are still alive.

But India has never done that. The Aryans were kind and generous, and in their hearts which were large and unbounded as the ocean and in their brains gifted with superhuman genius, all these ephemeral and apparently pleasant but virtually beastly processes, never found a place.

The object of the peoples of Europe is the extermination of all in order to live themselves. Te aim of the Aryans is to raise all up to their own level, nay, even to a higher level than themselves. The means of the European civilization is the sword,of the Aryans ‘ the division into different varnas. This system of division into different varnas is the stepping stone to civilization, making one rise higher and higher in proportion to one’s learning and culture. In Europe it is everywhere victory to the strong, and death to the weak. In the land of Bharata every social rule is for the protection of the weak.3

 

From where did the Aryans come?

According to some, they came from central Tibet, others will have it, they came from central Asia. There are patriotic English men who think that the Aryans were all red haired. If the writer happens to be a black haired man the Aryans were all black haired. Of late, there was an attempt to prove that the Aryans lived on the Swiss lakes. Some say now that they live at the north pole. Lord bless the Aryans and their habitations. As for the truth of these theories, there is not one word in scriptures, not one, to prove that the Aryans ever came from anywhere outside of India and in ancient India was included Afganistan. There It ends. And the theory that the Shudra caste were all non-Aryans and they were a multitude, is equally illogical and equally irrational.4

Swami Vivekananda criticizes the western Savants who finding several terms of Indian astronomy, and coming to know that the Greeks founded a small kingdom on the borders of India, can clearly read the help of Greece on everything Imdian, of Indian literature, Indian astronomy, Indian arithmetic   . Not only so, ne has been bold enough to go so far as to declare that all Indian sciences as a rule are but echoes of the Greek!

On a single Sanskrit sloka :-

Mlencha ve yavana nah teshu yesha vidha prathishtita !

Rishivat  theyapi poojyante…..

 

Tr.”The yavanas are mlenchas, in them this science is established (therefore) even they deserve worship like Rshis”, how much the westerners have indulged in their unrestrained imagination! But it remains to be shown as to how the above sloka goes to prove that the Aryas were taught by The Mlencha. The meaning is that the learning of the Mlencha disciples of the Aryan teachers s praised here, only to encourage the Mlenchas in their pursuit of the Aryan science.

Secondly, when the germ of the Aryan science is found in the Vedas and every step of any of those sciences can be traced with exactness from the vedic t the present day, what is the necessity of forcing the farfetched suggestion of the greek influence on them?. Again every Greek-like word of Aryan astronomy can be easily derived from Sanskrit roots.

While discussing ”Aryans and Tamilians,” Swami Vivekanand notes whatever may be the import of the philological terms, ‘Aryan’ and Tamilian, even taking for granted that both these grand sub-divisions of Indian humanity came from outside the western frontier, the dividing line from the most ancient times is one of the language and not of the blood.

A gentle yet clear brushing off the cobwebs of the so-called Aryan theory and all its vicious corollaries is therefore absolutely necessary, especially for the south and a proper self-respect created by a knowledge of the past grandeur of one of the great ancestors of the Aryan race, the great Tamilians.

 

References:

1.The complete works of Swami Vivekananda, Jan1989,Vol.V,P.534.

2.Letters of Swami Viveknanda,1976,P.232

3CWSV,volV, The East and West.pp534,537

4.CWSV. volIII,The Future of Indiapp292-3.

 

—————————

 

Ref:

THE STUDY OF INDIAN HISTORY AND CULTURE – VOL. XVI

INDIA ABROAD

By  Itihasa Bhushana Dr.S.D.Kulkarni

Published by:

Bhishma

B-7/8, Shreepal Apartments,

Panch Pakhadi, Thane – 400 602. (India)

Phone : 5332241

Compiled by:

Dr.K.M.Rao Ph.D.,

President, Bharatiya Itihasa Sankalana Samiti

Tamilnadu. Ph: 044 – 24330150.  Cell: 94440 41245.

 

 

 

 

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4 thoughts on “Swami Vivekananda : On Aryan Invasion

  1. abhijeet says:

    The word Arya expressed a particular ethical and social ideal, an ideal of well-governed life, candour, courtesy, nobility, straight dealing, courage, gentleness, purity, humanity, compassion, protection of the weak, liberality, observance of social duty, eagerness of knowledge, respect for the wise and learned, the social accomplishments.

  2. abhijeet says:

    Jihad Has Come to India
    By Richard L. Benkin

    Jihad has come to India. The Obama administration and the State Department will tell you that it is nothing more than isolated acts by individuals. The government in New Delhi will say you are stirring up anti-Muslim sentiment. The mainstream media will ask how you can say that when we are hearing nothing about it from them. But it is real, and it is happening now. I have seen it first-hand. The Obama administration’s studied denial will find us caught as flat-footed in India as we were in Lebanon, Egypt, Libya, and elsewhere. The difference is that India is an economic and military giant, with nuclear weapons, and could be a cornerstone of any effective fight against radical Islam.

    For several years, I have been talking about the progressive radicalization of Bangladesh. Although it is the only country that ranks among the ten most populous and the ten most densely populated, as well as being the second largest Muslim-majority nation, events there do not capture people’s imagination. When you talk about India in the same context, however, people take notice. The thought of an Islamist dominated India scares the heck out of them and should. While our own strategic thinkers concentrate on internecine struggles in the Middle East, their obliviousness to the significance of an Islamist India has enabled our enemies to further their agenda.

    I have spent several years along India’s 2545 mile-long frontier with Bangladesh, and have seen the impact Bangladesh’s radicalization has had on its giant neighbor to the west. Amitabh Tripathi, who has been fighting against what he calls his country’s “soft policies,” noted that Bangladesh’s Muslims “are not radicalized but their institutions are.” That radicalization and a level of corruption on both sides of the border that makes my fellow Chicagoans look like amateurs has already produced demographic change in many strategic areas of India. It also has given Muslim activists carte blanche throughout the entire country. The process is deliberate, has been going on for decades, and should send us a screaming warning signal, not only because of what it bodes for India, but also because of what sort of future the Obama administration’s soft policies and tolerance for an open border to our south mean for the United States.

    Each year in districts like Uttar Dinajpur and North and South 24 Parganas directly across from the Islamic state, my colleagues and I find that more and more villages which once had mixed Hindu-Muslim populations are now all Muslim or Muslim-dominated. Gone are the roadside temples characteristic of places where Hindus practice their faith openly; gone are the sights of Hindu women dressed in their colorful saris and other vestments. They have been replaced by mosques and burqas. Last year, Tripathi and I met with Bimal Praminik, Director of the Kolkata-based Centre for Research in Indo-Bangladesh Relations and arguably the foremost authority on these population changes. He is convinced that this population shift is a deliberate and an integral element the jihad that threatens all of us: “Bangladeshi infiltration with Pakistani ideas… trying to ‘Pakistanize’ the entire region,” he said adding that that the dominant culture for South Asian Muslims has become more “Arabic,” than South Asian.

    In 1947 when the British left, they partitioned the Indian subcontinent into Hindu and Muslim states. West Bengal went to Hindu India, and East Bengal (now Bangladesh) became part of Pakistan. While Hindu and Muslim majorities respectively, remain, exhaustive studies by Pramanik and others hold out little hope that things will continue that way. During the second half of the 20th century, the Muslim proportion of West Bengal’s population rose by 25 percent and its Hindu population declined by nine, a process that has continued into the 21st. At the same time, Bangladesh’s Hindu population dropped from almost a third to nine percent. The process has not been pretty and has involved murder, gang rape, abduction of women and children, forced conversion to Islam, and legalized thievery of ancestral Hindu lands under Bangladesh’s anti-Hindu Vested Property Act. And now it is happening in India.

    Between 1981 and 1991, Muslim population growth in West Bengal actually exceeded its growth in Bangladesh. The South Asia Research Society concluded that Hindus have been fleeing Islamist persecution in East Bengal since the partition; but that since Bangladesh’s emergence as an independent nation in 1971, “there has been large scale voluntary infiltration of Bangladeshi Muslims…to West Bengal and other parts of India” as well. The actual Muslim population growth exceeded Indian government projections that were based on demographic factors (fertility and mortality), internal migration, and the influx of Hindu refugees; thus, there had to be another element driving the change. Pramanik identifies it as “illegal immigration from across the border.” Islamist plans have been so detailed and longstanding that since 1951 the Muslim growth rate exceeded that of Hindus in each individual district of West Bengal.

    Statistics might be the “smoking gun,” but jihad’s impact is far more powerful in the testimony of individual non-Muslim residents who are its victims. One elderly woman in the Howrah district told us how Muslims are taking over her property piece by piece. She even showed us a wall with a star and crescent on it that local Muslims built to identify it as dar al Islam. In another village, residents showed us the remains of a Hindu temple that Muslims recently destroyed after urinating on its holy objects. Most poignant was the testimony of a crestfallen mother whose 22-year-old daughter was abducted weeks ago by local Muslims. Abduction of Hindu women and girls in the name of Islam has been common in Bangladesh for years and is a key element in jihad: eliminating females of childbearing years from the gene pool and forcing them to “produce” Muslim offspring instead. It is now happening in India, according to victimized parents who told me about it in India’s North and Northeast.

    Residents of Deganga, only 40 kilometers from the West Bengal capital of Kolkata, lived through an anti-Hindu pogrom last September. The pogrom started — as these things are wont to do these days — with a fabricated land dispute in which Muslims claimed a wooded area off the region’s main road that Hindus own and on which sits a Hindu shrine that is considered very sacred. As the 2010 Islamic observance of Iftar came to an end, a large group of Muslims attempted to seize the land until local Hindus stopped them. It was then that they started attacking Hindu households and shops indiscriminately, forcing many to flee the area with little more than the clothes on their backs.

    I returned to Deganga last month to find that while many homes and shops have been rebuilt, a sense of security by Hindus in their ancestral land has not. Most of the residents spoke about leaving the area; others talked about being fearful of attack, their children unable to attend school, and Hindu women being harassed whenever they go to the market or other places in the area. Many of them showed us charred pieces of their former residences; in other cases we were able to see signs of it bleeding through a new coat of paint. Hindu women and girls showed us where they hid during the attack to avoid being raped or abducted and made concubines; a fate that likely has befallen the missing 22-year old daughter of the mother above.

    In every single one of these cases, local authorities have refused to take action. In fact, during the Deganga pogrom, they arrested the community’s wealthiest Hindu on the false charge of firing on the jihadis. In the past, this official inaction has been purchased; but it is also a product of the alliance between Islamists and Communists in India. That alliance was announced publicly at a meeting in the south Indian state of Kerala; and it has been policy for West Bengal’s three-decade old communist government. Wherever we spoke with these villagers, Muslim neighbors would gather menacingly in an attempt to intimidate our informants. In some cases, they attacked after we left — again with no action by the authorities.

    In Meerut northeast of New Delhi and far from Deganga, the population of this once Hindu-dominated town is now split down the middle between Hindus and Muslims; and the Hindus are living in fear. Just five days ago before my arrival, a Hindu was burned to death and shortly before that a community leader was targeted and killed. These actions are becoming more common in this substantial-sized town with no police re-action; and according to residents and activists, it is only a matter of time before things explode.

    Our State Department will tell you that there is no jihad in India. They will hew the official line that the liberal Awami League government in Bangladesh has put an end to anti-Hindu actions there. A similarly weak government in New Delhi will parrot the same platitudes. Yet, their false palliatives bring no comfort to the scores of victims who have told us their stories; or the many others now unable to do so.

    They cannot explain away major terrorist attacks in India’s largest cities like Mumbai, Pune, in New Delhi, and elsewhere. They cannot explain how insurgents can regularly kidnap minor officials and receive their ransom (usually release of prisoners, cash, and government forbearance from counter terrorist action) every time they do. If the Obama administration and its left-wing counterparts in India do not replace their studied ignorance with effective action, we will be as “surprised” over what becomes of India as we were with Iran, Egypt, and a host of other nations.

  3. pratik says:

    the aryan invasion theory was proposed by max muller a german. He himself had not studied sanskrit and made such rubbish theory. This was only done to create a sense of inferiority amongst the hindus. The british used this to create a rift between the north and the south bharat and also between the hindu caste. It was a part of their divide and rule policy. And now this bullshit is been thought to many students through the macaulay education system in bharat. But any self respecting hindu will not believe in any such non sense. And swami vivekananda was a true hindu warrior monk who defended the dharma.
    JAYATU AKHAND BHARAT!

  4. […] Swami Vivekananda, Sri Aurobindo, Dayananda Saraswati and Baba Saheb Ambedkar did not agree with the theory. […]

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