Distortions and Nagationism in Indian History
Bharatiya Itihasa Sankalana Samiti
On ignoring History:
The nationalist movement – the independence movement led by moderates in Congress blatantly ignored our History especially the tyrannical rule of Muslim period. Jawaharlal Nehru in his book “Glimpses of World History” writes about the mythical past and then he jumps the diabolic period of the barbarious muslim invasions and conquests and then he writes about chinese pilgrims coming to Bihar and visiting Nalanda University and places like that. Then somehow they – the moderates in Congress –don’t tell you what happened to taxasila and Nalanda universities and how they were destroyed and in ruins. They never tell you why Elephenta is in ruins, why Ayodhya, Mathura and Kasi were desecrated and Vijayanagar a totally destroyed capital city of glorious Vijayanagar empire.
Distortions in our History:
Nobel prize winner Sri V.S.Naipal has toured Bharat recently. He pointed out blatantly certain historical facts in the following statement of Historical revelations which no secular historian has pointed out so far. He observes painfully:
People in India have only known tyranny. The very idea of Liberty is a new idea. Particularly pathetic is the harking back to the Mughals as a time of glory. In fact the Mughals were tyrants, every one of them. They were foreign tyrants and they were proud of being foreign.”
“India has been a wounded civilization because of Islamic violence. Pakistani’s know this; Indeed they revel in it. It is only Indian Nehruvians like Romila Thapar who pretend that Islamic rule was benevolent. We should face these facts. Islamic rule in India was at least as catastrophic as the later Christian rule. The Christians created massive poverty in what was a most prosperous country. The Muslims created a terrorized civilization out of what was the most creative culture that ever existed.”
“India was wrecked and looted, not once but repeatedly by invaders with strong religious ideas, with a hatred for the religion of the people they were conquering. People read these accounts but they do not imaginatively understand the effects of the conquest by an iconoclastic religion.”
“India became the great land for Muslim adventurers and the peasantry bore this on their back. They were enslaved quite literally. It just went on like this from 11th century onwards.” (source: Economic Times:www.economictimes.com).
“The millennium began with the Muslim invasions and the grinding down of the Hindu-Buddhist culture of the north. This is such a big and bad event that people still have to find polite, destiny –defying ways of speaking about it. In art books and history books, people write of the Muslims “arriving” in India, as though the Muslims came on a tourist bus and went away again. The Muslim view of their conquest of India is a truer one. They speak of the triumph of the faith, the destruction of idols and temples, the loot, the carting away of the local people as slaves, so cheap and numerous that they were being sold for a few rupees. The architectural evidence – the absence of Hindu monuments in the north- is convincing enough. This conquest was unlike any other before. There are no Hindu records of this period. Defeated people never write their history. The victors write the history. The victors were Muslims. For people on the other side it is period of darkness.
On Hindu Militancy and India’s secularism
“To say that India has a secular character is being historically unsound. Dangerous or not, Hindu militancy is a corrective to the History I have been talking about. It is a creative force and will be so, Islam can’t reconcile with it.”
On Hindu revivalism
“India was trampled over, fought over. You had the invasions and you had the absence of a response to them. There was an absence of even of the idea of a people, of a nation defending itself. Only now are people beginning to understand that there has been a great vandalizing of India. The movement is now from below. It has to be dealt with. It is not enough to abuse these youths or use that fashionable word from Europe, ‘fascism’ , there is a big historical development going on in India.” (carribeanhindu.com)
“What is happening in India is a new historical awakening… Indian intellectuals, who want to be secure in their liberal beliefs, may not understand what is going on. But every other Indian knows precisely what is happening: deep down he knows that a larger response is emerging even if at times this response appears in his eye to be threatening.”
“Indian intellectuals have a responsibility to the state and should start a debate on the Muslim psyche. To speak of Hindu fundamentalism, is contradiction in terms it does not exist. Hinduism is not this kind of religion. You know, there are no laws in Hinduism. And there are many forces in Hinduism.. My interest in these popular movements is due to the pride they restore to their adherents in a country ravaged by five or six centuries of brutal rule by Muslim invaders. These populations, in particular the peasantry, have been so crushed that any movement provides a certain sense of pride. The leftists who claim that these wretched folk are fascists are wrong. It’s absurd. I think that they are only reclaiming a little of their own identity. We can’t discuss it using a western vocabulary.”
“I think every liberal person should extend a hand to that kind of movement from the bottom. One takes the longer view than the political view. There’s a great upheaval in India, and if you are interested in India, you must welcome it.”
“What is happening in India is a new, historical awakening. Gandhi used religion in a way as to marshal people for the independence cause. People who entered the independence movement did it because they felt they would earn individual merit. Only now are the people beginning to understand that there has been a great vandalizing of India Because of the nature of Hindu society such understanding had eluded Indians before.” (Indolink.com)
On demolition of Babri structure
“Not as badly as others did, I am afraid. The people who say that there was no temple are missing the point. Babar, you must understand, had contempt for the country he had conquered. And his building of that mosque was an act of contempt. In Ayodhya, the construction of a mosque on a spot regarded as sacred by the conquered population was meant as an insult to an ancient idea, the idea of Ram, which was two or three thousand years old.” (The Times of India, July 18,1993.)
On the attire of the people who demolished Babri structure.
“One needs to understand the passion that took them on top of the domes. The jeans and the T-shirts are superficial. The passion alone is real. You can’t dismiss it. You have to try to harness it. Hitherto in India, the thinking has come from the top. What is happening now is different. The movement is from below.” (The Times of India, July 18,1993.)
Naipal says that Islam had enslaved and attempted to wipe out other cultures. “It has had a calamitous effect on converted people. To be converted you have to destroy your past, destroy your history. You have to stamp on it, you have to say my ancestral culture does not exist, it doesn’t matter.” (Guardian news service)
It is not the unbeliever as the other person so much as the remnant of the unbeliever in one’s customs and in one’s ways of thinking. It’s this wish to destroy the past, the ancient soul, the unregenerate soul. This is the great neurosis of the converted.”(The New york Times magazine, 28.10.01) .
Negationism of Islamic invasion by secular historians
The actual record of Islamic rulers in Bharat has been eclipsed. Whether it is Mahmud of Ghazini, Timur or Aurangzeb, Islamic sources recorded the slaughter of lakhs of Hindus, forcible conversions, massive capture of people as slaves inflicted on Indian population for several centuries, besides a great plunder and demolition of thousands of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples, Universities etc. Historians from Wil Durant, Alain Danietote or Koenraad Elst in the west to K.S.Lal or Sitaram Goel have documented this blood soaked period of our history. Durant wrote, the Mohammedan conquest of India is probably the bloodiest story in History. It is discouraging tale, for its evident moral is that civilization is a precarious thing, whose delicate complex of order and liberty, culture and peace may at any time be overthrown by barbarians invading from without or multiplying from within.”
There is a water tight case of genocide of Hindus by Islamic invaders and rulers. There is no reason to sweep it under the carpet in order to conceal the genocide of Hindus by Muslim invaders. We should ask the question why it becomes “communal propaganda” if we mention the slaughters of Mahmud Ghazni at Bhimnagar, Mathura and Somnath, by Timur of his march of murderous army at Delhi leaving behind a trail of death, destruction and burning hundreds of villages by Alladin and Tuglaq in Delhi, and similar way by Feroz Shah in Bengal by countless Sultans and their Governors – all deeds documented in Islamic records with vivid phrases such as the sword of Islam being washed in the blood of the infidels..”
I would like to raise three agonizing questions :
1. What is the national criterion with which we have to write our history impartially?
2. When is a historical fact, a historical fact absolutely and what are the paradigms of its evolution?
3. Are we in a position to present a national criterion in the light of the aforesaid historical facts to our adversaries who write our history under the cover of negationism?
Muslim invasions of Bharat are often glorified by Marxist scholars, such as M.N.Roy who claimed that Islam brought a “welcome message of hope and freedom.” If at all a few instance of destruction are acknowledged, we are told that temples were plundered only because they were centers of wealth, or sometimes for political motives.”
A clumsy excuse to avoid facing Islamic fanaticism, the driving force behind the above depredations, apparently for fear of offending today’s Muslim Indians, who gleefully appreciate all the cataclysmic program perpetrated on Hindus.
Take for example, Germany. Germany has fully accepted the dark phase of Nazi atrocities and made preparations for it. But are we in a position as a nation to focus the attention of Muslims to this dark phase of atrocious despotic Muslim rule. The answer is an emphatic “No, not yet”. But surely we will do it. The time has come as history has started unfolding. The revelation has began.
The time has come for Muslims to acknowledge the tragic part with all its horrors. Other wise the wounds continue to fester. No self respecting nation would want its victims to be denied remembrance.
For example, a foreign historian by name Percival Spear and Indian Historian Romila Thapar jointly published a book called “Penguin History of India”. they have distorted and written the book about Aurangzeb’s intolerance to other religions. Aurangzeb’s supposed intolerance is little more than a hostile legend based on an isolated acts such as the erection of a mosque on a temple site in Banares.
What really happened was that Aurangzeb (1658-1707) did not just build an isolated mosque on ‘a’ destroyed temple. He ordered all temples destroyed, among them the Kasi Viswanath , one of the most sacred places of Hinduism and had mosques built on a number of cleared temple sites. All other Hindu sacred places within his reach equally suffered destruction, with mosques built on them : Among them Krishna’s birth temple in Mathura, and Somnath temple on the coast of Gujarat. The number of temples destroyed by Aurangzeb is counted in four figures, if not in five figures. According to the official count chronicle, Aurangzeb “ordered all provincial Governors to destroy all schools and temples of the pagans(Hindus) and to make a complete end to all pagan teachings and practices. The chronicle sums up the destructions like this : “Hasan Ali Khan came and said that 172 temples in the area had been destroyed… His majesty went to chitoor , and 63 temples were destroyed ….Abu Tarab, appointed to destroy the idol temples of Ambur, reported that 66 temples had been razed to the ground.” Aurangzeb did not stop at razing the temples, their users too were leveled; there were massacres of thousands of resisters of Brahmins and Sikhs.
The Encyclopedia Britannica obeys the negationist view and does not mention any persecutions and massacres of Hindus and Sikhs by Muslims during the medieval period. The negationist historians manipulate terminology very effectively and convincinglyto misguide gullible minds with terms like communal amity in places of communal enimity between Muslims and Hindus, The establishment of apparently amicable relationship between Sultan Tazuddin Fairuz and Hindu Vijayanagar King. Jawaharlal Nehru considered the induction of Hindu women in Muslim harems as the cradle of “composite culture” his euphemism for Hindu humiliation. These negationist historians keep the inconvenient fact of Vijayanagar forces inflicted crushing defeat on Fairuz” out of the readers view and manipulating terminology, consider terms of defeat as sign of friendship. All the western authors are conscious accomplices in this intellectual crime of negationism.
Let me explain the negationism in the terminology of History. Negationism in Europe usually means the denial of the Nazi genocide on the Jews and Gypsies in World war II. Less well known is that Bharat has its own brand of negationism. A section of intelligensia, is trying to erase from the Hindu’s memory the History of persecution by the swords men of Islam. The Islamic military campaign to wipeout Hindu paganism has continued for centuries without any moral doubts arising in the minds of the persecutors and their chroniclers. The Islamic report on the massacres of Hindus, the abduction of Hindu women and children to slave markets, the destruction of temples and forced conversions invariably express great glee and pride. These Muslim records proudly proclaim that the destruction of Hindu paganism by every means considered the God ordained duty of the Muslim community. Yet, many of our historians, journalist and politicians deny there ever was a Hindu – Muslim conflict. They shamelessly rewrite History and conjure up “centuries of Hindu-Muslim amity,” and growing section of public in Bharat and in the rest only knows their negationist version of History. This paper is a vociferous attempt to rudely shake people out of their delusions.
Since 1950 onwards the History market is flooded with publications conveying negationist version. The public is fed with negationis TV serials like “Tamas”, “The Sword of Tippu Sultan” – the last fanatic muslim ruler. Other glaring examples : prof.Gyanendra Pandey’s denial of a millennium full of testimonies to Islamic persecution of Hindu Kafirs in his book “ The construction of Communalism in colonial north India”. In his book Communal History and Rama’s Ayodhya did not see the Muslims as a distinct religious entity, but as an ethnic group. Romila Thapar propounds a perverse theory in her article in S.Gopal’s book on the Ayodhya affair, ‘Anotomy of confrontation’ that the current Hindu movement wants to unite all Hindus, not because the Hindus feel besieged by hostile forces, not because they have a memory of centuries of Jihad”, but because a monolithic religion is more compatible with capitalism’. She thinks that the political Hindu movement is merely a concoction by Hindu capitalists.
Most of the general readers and many serious students get to know about Indian history through negationist view point only. In India, the negationists have managed what European negationists can only dream of. They have turned the tables on honest historians and marginalized them. The leftist cum negationist Historians who have specialized in adapting history to the party line, are now lecturing others about the political abuse of History”. By contrast, genuine historians who have refused to tamper with the record of Islam (like jadunath sarkar, R.C.Majumdar, K.S.Lal) are held up as examples of “communalist history –writing” in the text books which are required reading in all history departments in Bharat.
1. Economic Times; WWW.economictimes.com
4. Times of India, July18th 1993.
5. Economictimes. 13th January 2003.
6. Guardian News Service
8. The Newyork Times Magazine 28.10.2001
9. V.s.Naipal, “Among the Believers,”1981
10. Hindu Sun. july 3rd 2005 Religionfirstname.lastname@example.org.
11. Koenraad Elst, “negationism in India” Concealing the Record of Islam. Voice of India, New Delhi 1992.
12. Mechel Daniel, “The Indian Mind then and Now” Pondicherry 1990
13. Sitaram Goel, “Hindu Temples : What happened to them” – The Islamic evidence – Voice of India, New Delhi,1992.